We’ve gone over English word of Portuguese, Spanish
, Polish and French origin. It is now the turn of Italian!
Italian is a language that has given English
many words but in different ways as the other languages
we wrote about before. Spanish and Portuguese
gave us words related to the ‘new world’ of America, Polish brought the names of some ‘exotic’ products with its immigrants and French imposed itself through 300 years of rule. Instead Italian came into English through the artistic works and the cuisine of the country.
English The arts
Many words used today in English related to the arts are Italian words that haven’t had many changes in spelling or pronunciation.
technical terms are Italian words. However, there are still many words related to music that most people will know: bass
(from basso), opera
are three common words. There are also others that are used when talking about music but in other contexts as well such as diva
and prima donna
In art and architecture
we can also find many other words: patina
(from affresco), portico
(from balcone), studio
(from grotta). Some colour names like magenta
(from terra de Sienna) and sepia
(from seppia) come from Italian.
(from novella), stanza
are words of Italian origin used when talking about literature and linguistics
. While extravaganza
(from stravaganza), scenario
are used in the theatre
Beyond all the words related to pasta
) and coffee (like latte
) that come from Italian, there are many other words that we now use in English related to the world of food and cooking.
Vegetables like cauliflower
(from cavolfiore), broccoli
(from broccolo), zucchini
(from zucchina), artichoke
(from articiocco) and fava
all have Italian origins. The name of many kinds of cheese like mozzarella
come straight from Italian without modifications. However, other words like sultana
(from sultanina) and biscuit
(from biscotto) have changed quite a bit.
The natural world
Italians have a history of exploring the world, so it should be no surprise that many words related to nature and geography also come from Italian, especially those related to bodies of water and volcanos: volcano
(from vulcano) and lava
(from mare), cascade
(from cascata), lagoon
(from laguna), archipelago
(from arcipelago) and littoral
Several Italian citizens have also been used as inspiration for naming: things Amerigo Vespucci’s name was used when naming America
, Luigi Galvani gave us galvanise
and his competitor Alessandro Volta inspired the word Volt
. And Christopher Columbus received two places after his name: Colombia
To know more about is always better to learn the English language
with Way Language school